SHA-3/384 generator

SHA-3/384 generator FAQ

What is SHA-3/384 and how does it differ from other hash functions?

SHA-3/384 is a cryptographic hash function that belongs to the SHA-3 (Secure Hash Algorithm 3) family standardized by NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). It produces a 384-bit (48-byte) hash value, making it longer than SHA-256 but shorter than SHA-3/512. Unlike its predecessors, SHA-3/384 uses the Keccak permutation and sponge construction, offering different security properties and performance characteristics compared to SHA-2.

How secure is SHA-3/384 compared to other hash functions?

SHA-3/384 is designed to provide a high level of security against various cryptographic attacks. It offers resistance to collision attacks, preimage attacks, and second preimage attacks, which are crucial for ensuring data integrity and authenticity in cryptographic applications. However, its security depends on factors such as the implementation and the specific use case.

What are some common applications of SHA-3/384?

SHA-3/384 is commonly used in digital signatures, certificate generation, message authentication codes (MACs), and other applications where data integrity and authenticity are paramount. It ensures that data remains unchanged and can be verified without revealing the original content, making it essential in secure communications and data storage.

How does the SHA-3/384 generator work?

The SHA-3/384 generator processes input data in blocks through a series of transformations using the Keccak permutation and sponge construction. It absorbs the input data, applies the permutation function iteratively, and finally squeezes out the resulting hash value. This process ensures that even a small change in the input data significantly alters the output hash, providing robust security guarantees.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using SHA-3/384?


  • Security: Provides strong resistance against cryptographic attacks.
  • Standardization: SHA-3/384 is an established standard by NIST, ensuring interoperability.
  • Performance: Offers competitive performance compared to other secure hash algorithms.


  • Output Size: The 384-bit output size may be larger than necessary for some applications, leading to increased storage requirements.
  • Implementation Complexity: Proper implementation requires attention to cryptographic best practices to avoid vulnerabilities.

These questions and answers provide a comprehensive overview of SHA-3/384, covering its definition, security aspects, applications, operational details, and pros and cons.

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